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I, Your Job in Gpimany l 

II. On Guard! 4 

Keep Your Distance 4 

Keep Your Eyes Open 5 

Ketp Your Guard Up 6 

What the Gcrmiins Think of ihf U. 



Marriage Facts 

III. Background 

Ns^i Vacuum 

Glimpse of Histoi-;- 

7'he German Empire 

And Before the German Empire . . 
Why You Are Fighting Gcrinan\' , . 



IV. In Conclusion 

V. AnncK 

CuiTCncy, Weights, and Measuies . . 

Language Guide 


Whether you fight your way in, or march in to oc- 
cupy Germany under armistice terms, you will be doing 
a soldier's job on the soil of the enemy. 

The occupation of Germany will give you your 
chance to build up a personal guarantee that as soon 
a.s you turn vour back to go home, the German will 
not pick up his shooting irons and start throwing lead 
and lies at an unsuspecting world once more. One of 
the greatest challenges of the Peace to come is to make 
certain that the German people will take their place 
as law-abiding, useful citizens in the family of nations. 

On German soil, you are expected to observe local 
laws and regulations except as modified or amended 
by your own military authority. 

Local customs, especially those touching upon re- 
ligion, are to be given consideration and respect. 

Respect property rights. Vandalism is inexcusable. 

Rifling of orchards and fields and unauthorized 
appropriation of food stores are contemptible and 
punishable by court martial. 

Remember that conquered and occupied nations 
will be critically short of food. Depriving the people 


B great hardship and in the end will 
s-that will make your own job a harder 

It is always a strain on our supply lines to feed peo- 
ple of occupied countries. Don't strain it further. 

Don't belittle or be critical of fighting qualities of 
former soldiers. By now you will have had a good 
opportunity to judge just how good a fighting man the 
enemy is. The point is, we don't like to kick people 
when they are down. 

There mtist be no fTaternization. This is absolute! 
Unless otherwise permitted by higher authority you 
will not visit in German homes or a.ssociate with Ger- 
nans on terms of friendly intimacy, either in public or 
I private. 

They must never be taken into your confidence. 

This warning against fraternization doesn't mean 
that you are to act like a sourpuss or military autom- 
aton. Your a.spect should not be harsh or forbid- 
ding. At home you had minor transactions with 
many people. You were courteous to them, but never 
discussed intimate affairs, told them secrets, or gave 
them the benefit of your confidence. Let that be- 
havior be your model now. 

The Germans will be curious. They will be inter- 
ested. Their interest will be aroused by observation. 
They will notice your superb equipment. They will 


notice your high pay (high compared to the standards 
of their own and other European countries), They 
will observe your morale and the magnificent spirit of 
cooperation and mutual respect that exists in the 
American Army. And they will ask questions about 
America and American life. 

Within the limits of your instructions against 
fraternization and intimacy, you can by your conduct 
give them a glimpse of life in a Democracy where no 
man is master of another, where the only limit of suc- 
cess is a man's own ability. 

But don't argue. Don't try to convince them. If 
you can plant the seed of your pride of your country 
and its way of life, time and others will do the rest. 

In the meantime your very presence on German 
mi] will serve as a constant demonstration to the Ger- 
man people, that the master race theory that sent 
them forth to bathe the world in blood, was just so 
much tragic nonsense. According to its own values, 
they should be occupying your home town instead of 
your occupying their soil. The "master race" didn't 
make their point. 




You are in enemy country! 

These people are not our allies or our friends. 

They are bound by military terms. 

However friendly and repentant, however sick of the 
Nazi party, th 'Germans have sinned against the laws 
of humanity and cannot come back into the civilized 
fold by merely sticking out their hands and saying— 
"I'm sorry." 

It is up to the people to prove they deserve a place 
once more among respectable nations. 

Don't forget that eleven years ago, a majority of the 
German people voted the Nazi Party into power. 

The German people had all read Hitler's "Mein 
Kampf". They knew what Hitler meant to do to the 
minorities and the world. This book told them and a 
majority of them voted for the Nazis knowing this 
would give the Nazi Party absolute control, with Hitler 
as Chancellor. 

With Hitler firmly entrenched in power the plan m 
"Mein KampP' began to come true— the bullying of 
races, the destruction of peaceful nations, the march 


toward world conquest. And this gangster racket was 
enthusiastically and enei^etically supported by the 
German people— as long as it seemed to succeed. 
Remember the record. 

You arc not in Germany, however, to carry a chip 
on your shoulder or to brutalize the inhabitants. We 
are not like the Nazis, 

But you are not there on a good will errand either. 


Even after a surrender, or the signing of an armis- 
tice, keep your eyes open on German soil. Be careful. 

Don't take chances. 

You are in unfriendly territory. Your life may be 
in more danger than it was during the battles. On 
the firing line you kept your eyes open and your wits 
about you every second. That is why you are alive 
today. You cannot afford to relax caution now. 

During the war, Germany kept ,300,000 trained 
killers at home, the black -uniformed "S. S. Guards", 
a branch of Himmler's "Gestapo", the German Secret 

With the defeat of Germany what are left of these 
500,000 will discard their uniforms and disappear into 
the anonymity of civilian clothes. Many thousands 

of other Gestapo men and soldiers as well will do the 

This will not make them less dangerous. It will 
make them more dangerous. It will enable them to 
strike in the dark. 

Many will go "underground", and many will insist 
they were anti-Nazi and anti-Hitler all the time. 

You must remain an alert soldier. 

Protect yourself at all times. 


You have already found out by the hard way that 
war is not a sport like football, or boxing, played under 
set rules and ending with the call of "Time!" 

In prize-fighting, when the bell rings to end the 
round, only the careless fighter drops his hands. Even 
then, if his opponent reaches over, clips him one on 
the jaw and knocks him out, the victim can get justice 
and relief from the referee. When he wake.'* up, he 
will find that his treacherous foe has been disqualified. 

The difference in war and the occupation that fol- 
lows war is that the fellow who drops his guard and 
gets clipped, doesn't wake up. 

Don't forget that you're ordered into Germany now 
partly because your fathers forgot so soon what the 

war was about last time. They took it for granted 
that the friendly reception the Germans gave them 
after the Armistice in !918 proved that Germany 
meant well after all. Our whole country let down its 
guard too easily last time. 

This time, you may not get such a friendly reception. 

German hatred against America has been concen- 
trated by education, propaganda, and the accuracy of 
the Allied Air Forces bombardment. The German 
believes that had it not been for American interven- 
tion, this time his old dream of world conquest would 
have been realized. 
^ So, keep your left out. Trust no one but your own 

Be on your guard particularly against young Ger- 
mans between the ages of 14 and 28. 

Since 1933, when Hitler came to power, German 
youth has been carefully and thoroughly educated for 
world conquest, killing, and treachery. 

One of the things in which we take pride in America 
IS the spirit of sportsmanship, decency, and' fair play 
instilled into our boys during their education. 

Most young Americans hate a bully, despise a snitch, 
and have nothing but contempt for a double-crosscr! 

In school you learned from your teachers and from 
the other kids that it wasn't smart to pick on a little 
guy, or tell tales. When you played games you were 



taught to fight to the last whistle no matter how big 
the score against you: you learned not to cheat and 
that if you couldn't win fairly, then you took your 
licking like a man and shook hands with the man who 
beat you. 

You learned that these rules were good ones to take 
into life with you when school was over, that you 
belonged to a community of free men with all the 
rights and privileges inherent in a Democracy, that the 
loyalty you gave to your government was loyalty to a 
country governed by representatives of your own 

You know that to be born free and equal meant 
that you were no better and no worse than anyone 
else but that you would have a decent chance to prove 
your abilities in fair competition. 

Since the year 1933, the German boy has been 
taught deliberately the exact opposite. 

You have heard the quotation— "Just as the twig 
is bent, the tree's inclined." It means that every 
man is the product of his early education, during his 
impressionable years. 

The young German, through his most unpression- 
able years, has been taught that the strong are en- 
titled to pick on and destroy the weak, that it is noble 
to squeal on a pal, or even snitch on a member of one's 
own family, that if you can win by cheating it's just 


as good as winning any other way, that a promise or 
word of honor given is to be kept only as long as it 
suits its purpose and can be broken at any time. 

He has been taught to torture and stand torture. 
He has been told over and over again that he is a 
member of a master race and that all other peoples 
are his inferiors and designed to be his slaves. 

He has learned to sacrifice everything, himself, his 
family, even his wife, for Adolf Hitler and the Nazi 
party. He has only one fanatical loyalty and that is to 
Adolf Hitler. And it will make no difference whether 
Hitler is alive or dead. The fanaticism to the Hitler 
ideal of master race conquest and rule will remain. 

He will not change overnight when the Armistice 
is signed and the shooting stops. He won't be con- 
verted immediately in the towns and villages you 
occupy behind the lines as you advance into Germany. 

The German youth is a nice looking chap, much 
like the average feilotv you grew up with back home. 
You may ask yourself how a guy who looks pretty 
much like one of us could believe and do a!! the things 
we know he believed and did. The difference is in- 
side him — in his character. For your own safety and 
the safety of your comrades never for an instant forget 
that he is the victim of the greatest educational crime 
in the history of the world. 

From childhood, in all his schools, he has heard 

onii teaching: that force, ruthlessness, and blind obedi- 
ence to the Fiihrer will carry him and the German 
people to a position of dominance over all other peo- 
ples of the world. By hearing this doctrine constantly 
repeated throughout his formative years, he has come 
firmly to believe in it. 

Action according to such teaching, silly as it sounds, 
is a habit with German youth today. You must be 
prepared to recognize it. 

Other American and Allied representatives, when 
the peace is made, will concern themselves with the 
cure for the German disease— to destroy forever the 
German physical power and will to attempt world 
conquest. Your own duty is to be aware of the facK 
and to protect yourself at ail times. 


Yoii are going to find out that many Germans grew 
up with the idea that America was mostly full of cow- 
boys and Indians and rich uncles. Germans who lived 
through World War I remember that Uncle Sam was 
pictured as a rich old skinflint who lent money to the 
Allies and made big profits out of their fighting and 
dying. After that war and before the Nazis came in, 
the Germans got a different idea about America— a 


country of sky-scrapers and millions of automobiles, 
of mass-production and unlimited resources. 

At that time there developed a great deal of ad- 
miration and respect for America, so much in fact that 
many Germans in the late 20's were talking about the 
"Americanization" of Germany. Most Germans had 
relatives in our country or had friends who had rela- 
tives there. It was also recalled that the American 
Army of Occupation in the Rhineland had treated 
the people with great consideration and that the 
United States had not ratified the Treaty of Versailles. 
When the Nazis came into power, they wanted to 
prove that Nazi Germany was better than any country 
in the world. They thought it was particularly im- 
portant to run down America and especiallv American 
democracy. They therefore tried to obliterate all of 
the better impressions which Americans and American 
ways had made during Republican days in Germany. 
Our country was pictured as a land of great wealth 
and terrible poverty, corrupted by politicians, terror- 
ized by gangsters, and filled with unemployed. 

Since we have been at war with Germany the worst 
propaganda of all has appeared. At first our armed 
forces were pictured as nice, simple-minded boys who 
made poor, soldiers, but after we landed in Africa, 
Sicily and Italy and our Flying Fortresses blasted Ger- 
many day after day, they changed their tune. They 


called our soldiers vicious and brutal, products of 
gangsterism and corruption. Our airmen were repre- 
sented as bombing only churches and hospitals and 
deliberately machine-gunning women and children. 

German propaganda against America indicates 
that the most powerful weapon wielded by the Nazi 
state, before and during the war, was the lie. 

This weapon will not be relinquished when the Ger- 
man soldier is defeated and shooting stops. 

The defeated German enemy may play for sympa- 
thy. He displayed this tendency after the last war in 
1918, and may be expected to do it again on a larger 
and grander scale. 

Having lost the war, you may be sure he will make 
every effort to win the peace. 

He may have a whole series of "alibis" at the tip of 
his tongue; they will not be good "alibis". 

Not to lead yourself into argument with the enemy, 
but to know the truth about your country's position in 
the war, read a few typical German propaganda lines, 
and some American answers to them : 

German line: "Germany did not start this war." 

American answer: "Germany declared war on the 
United States in December, 1941, five days after Ger- 


many's ally, Japan, had attacked us at Pearl Harbor. 
Aa for Britain and France, they went to war in Sep- 
tember 1939 in fulfillraent of their pledge to Poland 
when the German armies ruthlessly invaded Poland, 
Previous to that, England and France, like practically 
everyone else, had done their best to appease Hitler and 
Mussolini and avoid war. ( Remember what happened 
at Munich in September 1938). As for Russia/ she 
went to war against Germany in June, 1941, because 
she was invaded by the Germans in flagrant violation 
of the German-Soviet n on -aggression pact." 

German line: "Even granted that the Nazis wanted 
war, the German people as a whole wanted peace— and 
now that the Nazis are out, everything will be lovely." 
American answer: "Cenainly the Germans wanted 
peace, as long as they could gel everything they wanted 
(world domination) without having to fight for it. But 
it's a funny coincidence that twice in a generation the 
German people have supported Governments, the 
Kaiser's and Hitler's, that were dedicated to a policy 
of war-making and aggression and brutality and hatred 
of democracy." 

German line: "Why should Americans be un- 
friendly to Germans? Aren't there X million Ameri- 
cans of German descent, and aren't they good citizens 
and good people?" 

American answer: "Sure. But the Germans who 



emigrated to America were the Germans who loved 
freedom and hated tyranny. The great wave of Ger- 
man migration to the U. S. followed the unsuccessful 
revolution of 1848 and it was composed of men and 
women who left their old homes and went out to take 
their chances in a new country rather than submit 
to a tyrannical government. No wonder the descend- 
ents of these brave people are ready to fight for their 
freedom against all comers." 

German line: "The real villains in the world are 
the Jews or the Catholics or the Freemasons or the 
Communists or the International Bankers who ex- 
ploit the people and start wars." 

American answer: "Hitler said that if you tell a lie 
that's big enough people will believe you. He made 
too many Germans believe his propaganda lies about 
various races or faiths or classes. But he failed to put 
those lies over on the American people, or the British 
people, or the Russian people. And that's why he 
lost the war. And the sooner the German people start 
learning the truth, the sooner will Germany gain a 
respectable place in the family of nations." 

German line: "After World War I, it was the cruel, 
inhuman terms of the Treaty of Versailles that made 
World War H inevitable." 

American answer: "The idea that the Treaty of 
Versailles was cruel is a German propaganda story 

that has had pretty wide play, and some acceptance. 
Actually, the Treaty of Versailes was generous com- 
pared with the terms imposed by the Germans on the 
Russians by the Treaty of Brest Litovsk in 1917; the 
Allies' treatment of Germany after World War I wa? 
generous compared with Germany's treatment of all 
the countries she has conquered and occupied since 

German line: "Americans in this war were suckers. 
They fought not for the interests of their own country 
but for the interests of British imperialism and Russian 

American answer: "We've heard that one before. 
And we know that you're trying to tell the British 
troops right now that they fought for American Im- 
perialism. We fought this war as Americans for 
America. We fought against the Germans and the 
Japs because our own freedom was threatened and 
because the interests of our own country were tied up 
with those of the British and the Russians and the 
Chinese and the French and all other fighters for 

Just as you helped to defeat them with your weapons 
and your courage so you must be prepared to defeat 
lies with knowledge of the truth and view self-pitying 
appeals for sympathy with clear-headed realization of 
the issues at stake. 


Otherwise you may have to take up arms again. 
And if not you, then eertainly your children. 

The German isn't sorry for the milUons of dead, 
wounded, homeless and maimed in Europe, the result 
of his lust for loot and conquest. He is sorry for him- 
self. He is sorry that the ravages of war which he set 
out to infiict on other peoples were, in spite of all his 
efforts, visited upon him. He is sorry that again he 
has suffered defeat. 

He will try to make you sorry for him too. Don't 
fall 'for it. 

He is very apt, if he can get to talk to you, to try to 
plant seeds of disunity, racial intolerance and discon- 
tent, in your mind. If he does, don't fall for it. 

The German will justify his defeat by charging that 
it took a world coalition of United Nations to do it, 
that Germany stood alone against the world. Don't 
bite! On the contrary, the coalition was Germany, 
Italy and Japan. And besides, who started the party? 

Don't forget: If the German plans to repeat his own 
history, he will try at least to sow the discord to pre- 
pare for another attempt at conquering the world. 

Health conditions in Germany prior to the war were 
good. Even though the disease rates were slightly 

higher than in the United States, the average person 
could travel throughout Germany without any greater 
risk than in this country. Water supplies and restau- 
rants in the cities were safe; those in the rural areas 
less reliable. There were no special diseases that were 
to be found in special parts of the country. 

Unquestionably conditions have deteriorated during 
the war. Water supplies are not as reliable and food 
is not as safe. Typhus has occurred and the number 
of lice has increased. A scarcity of soap has lowered 
standards of cleanliness. Diseases have become more 
prevalent. Among these are the venereal diseases. If 
you become exposed to venereal infection, report for 
immediate prophylactic treatment. 

In general, if you follow usual army health proce- 
dures, with special care to avoid unsafe water and 
food, and to keep yourself free of lice, you'll run no 
greater disease risks than under similar conditions ui 
any other country. 


Now that you are on foreign soil, you should know 
that marriage to a foreign girl is a complicated pro- 
cedure. Before you get too romantic remember that 
foreign girls do not automatically become citizens upon 
marriage to an American. It takes three years of 

residence in the States before she can even take the 
examinations. In any case, you cannot marry without 
the authorization of your commanding officer. Even 
with this permission, you would have difficulty getting 
your wife back to the U. S., since there are no provi- 
sions for transporting dependents during wartime, nor 
are there likely to be for a long time to come. 


To an American, used to the freest press the world 
has ever known, it seems impossible for a nation to 
have been almost completely shut off from all external 
news for four years or more, especially since the per- 
fection of radio, but that is what has happened in 

Ever since the advent of Hitler, and especially since 
the war, the German people have been living in a 
vacuum as far as the truth and real news is concerned. 
Into that vacuum the Nazis have pumped only such 
news as they wanted the people to have, and such lies 
or misstatements as they thought necessary for the 

survival of the Party. They tortured and killed as 
they pleased in order to keep themselves in power and 
to carry out their plans of world conquest. They sup- 
pressed all political opposition. They herded hun- 
dreds of thousands of innocent people into concentra- 
tion camps. The people were forbidden to listen to 
any foreign or domestic radio broadcasts except those 
controlled by the Nazis. 

Thus the Germans have heard only what the Nazis 
wanted them to hear or read. Among other fairv 
tales, they believed implicitly that the Luftwaffe 
bombed and paitially destroyed New York City, that 
the Poles attacked the Germans, and that Britain and 
America wanted this war in order to destroy Germany. 

And if you are still puzzled how such things could 
be in this modern age, do not forget that it was Berlin 
and the Nazis who staged a great book burning in 
which the symbolic knowledge of centuries was con- 
signed to the flames. 

In spite of such indecent repressions, a small per- 
centage of Germans have risked death by listening to 
foreign short wave broadcasts beamed at them from 
England and the United States and some of this in- 
formation has been whispered along, but without 
much effect on the lai^e majority of the German 
people. Certainly the common German soldier is 


completely in the dark as to what has been happening 
ill the world outside his borders. 

Where this state of affairs concerns you is in the irri- 
tation that wil! naturally arise in you when in the 
normal contact of occupation you try to tell the Ger- 
mans what the score is, and they reply with their 
parrot-like repetition of- — "All lies. All Democratic 

Don't argue with them. 

Don't try to convince them. 

Don't get angry. 

Give them the — "Okay- chum-you'll-find -out-soon- 
enough," treatment and walk away. 

By NOT trying to convince them, or to shout them 
down, by the assumption of a quiet demeanor you can 
help to create a genuine longing and thirst for the 
truth and real news in the German people, and break 
down their n 

the slaves 
lur way of 


The Germany that you are entering is 
Totalitarian State operating under a one 

In this kind of government, the .state it 
The people have no inherent rights and are 
and the servants of the state, as opposed to i 

life in which government and those who govern are 
the servants of the people. 

Previous to the Nazi period, and following World 
War I, Germany was a Republic, under the Constitu- 
tion of Weimar issued August 11, 1919. 

Under this Constitution, the Germans voted for and 
elected a president who was to serve for seven years. 

They had one legislative body, the Reichstag. Seats 
in the Reichstag were contested for in free election by 
political parties. The Party or Parties holding a ma- 
jority of the seats had their leaders called into the 
cabinet of the president to serve as Chancellor, Min- 
ister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of War, etc., rather 
as in our party system at home where the Party that 
wins the Presidential election expects a cabinet to be 
formed from its responsible members. 

The National Socialist Party whose leader was 
Adolf Hitler, whose platform was world conquest, 
international treachery and brutal suppression of re- 
ligious and other minorities, whose Bible and hand- 
book was Hitler's book, "Mein Kampf", contested for 
seats in the Reichstag. To many millions of Germans, 
that platform seemed all right. They voted the Na- 
tional Socialists, or "Nazis", as they were called for 
short, into power. President Hindenburg was forced 
to appoint Adolf Hitler Chancellor. And that was the 
end of the German Republic. 


Hindenburg died shoitly after. In effect, the Con- 
stitution was suspended. All parties except the Nazis 
were dissolved. All powers were centered in Hitler. 
Hitler led Germany and the world into World War II. 

Regimentation under the Nazis was complete. To 
insure its rule, the Party put its henchmen into every 
key position in the country, from the central govern- 
ment ill Berlin down to every little village — State and 
Party became one. Most of the big Party bosses like 
Hessj Goering, Himmlcr, Goebbels, Ley and others 
of whom you have heard, held top positions in' the 
Reich government in Berlin. Most of the small local 
bosses combined their Party position with a govern- 
ment office such as mayor, police chief, or head of the 
chamber of commerce. All basic policies were made 
and approved by the Party, All legislation was by 
decree from the top. Finally, the Party spread a vast 
network of police and control organizations over the 
entire people so as to have its eyes and ears everywhere 
and keep everybody in line. 

As to the pressure and terror exercised by these nu- 
merous organizations, you can hardly get a full picture 
after it is all over; but you must be prepared to find 
a great many traces of it in the behavior of the people. 
You should be familiar with a few names and activi- 
ties. The SS {Schutzstaffein or Elite Guards) have 
become infamous all over the world for representing 


what is worst and most dangerous in Nazism. They 
were in complete control of all the police in Germany 
and occupied Europe, were the strong-arm men of the 
concentration camps, had their own military units 
(called Wa§en SS) , and were responsible for the most 
brutal acts of terror committed by the Nazi regime. In 
this they were ably assisted by the SA {Sturmab- 
teilungen or Storm Troopers) . The motorized Party 
police was known as the NSKK (National Socialist 
Motor Corps), 

In addition to these military organizations, the entire 
German youth of both sexes up to the age of eighteen 
was forced into the H] (Hitler Jugend or Hitler 
Youth) where they were prepared for their future 
military careers and also learned to think the "right", 
that is, Nazi way. All workers had to join the DAF 
{Deutsche Arbeitsfront or Gennan Labor Front), the 
sole state and Party labor union. It negotiated all 
contracts, settled all wage disputes, determined the 
conditions and hours of work, and even regulated 
leisure time by a special Party-sponsored recreation 
program called "Strength Through Joy" ( Kraft Durch 
Freude). Farmers had to join the Nazi Peasants' Or- 
ganization which told them what to grow, what to 
sell, where to sell it and for how much. 

The same was true all through German social, pro- 
fessional, and educational life. Welfare contributions 


and relief measures, especially during and after air 
■ raids, went through the Party treasury and were dis- 
pensed by the Nazi Welfare Organization (abbrevi- 
ated as NSV) . Lawyers had to join the Party Law- 
yers' Guild, doctore the Party Doctors' Association, 
students the Party Students' Group. Every sport event 
was sponsored by the official state and Party League, 
Practically every German man, woman, or child had 
fallen into the network of some Party organization or 
was watched by some Party agent. 

It was a cruel new version of an old story— the stor>' 
of how Germany, throughout history, organized her 
people time and again to become conquerors. 


Before World War I, Germany was an Empire 
under Kaiser Wilhelm II, of the royal House of Ho- 
henzollern, descendent of a line of Prussian Kings. 

Your fathers left their homes in 1917, shouldered 
guns and went off to fight "Kaiser Bill", to "make the 
world safe for Democracy." 

Germany had again embarked on one of its bloody 
Pan-Germanic expeditions of conquest and loot. 
Pan-Germanism is the name given to the German 
dream of world conquest. It is expressed in the lines 
from the song young Germans sang shortly before 


World War II — "Today Germany i; 
the whole world , . ." 


. . , There was Bismarck, who unified the separate 
German States after conquering France in 1870 in his 
dream of world conquest. Bismarck was a Prussian. 
He believed that German blood was superior to that 
of any other race; he believed in iron discipline. He 
wa.s known as Germany's "blood and iron" Chancellor. 
Bismarck's ideas were not new in Germany but he was 
responsible for putting them into action. If he failed 
to get results by "power politics" he called up his 
Prussian Army. To Bismarck, might was right; he 
despised parliamentary methods. He was an auto- 
crat, not a democrat. He set the example for Ger- 
man leaders who came after him; and the German 
people admired this type of leadership. They still 
do, as we all have seen, to our cost, in recent years. 
They follow Hitler as they followed the Kaiser in 1914, 
and as they obeyed the will of Bismarck in the 19th 






an intelligent American, you 
fighting this war. But the le 


iw why you 
of history 



yet another note to add to your inner conviction as to 
the right and decency of your cause. 

It is a matter of History that there is nothing new 
about German aggression or desire for conquest. 

For centuries, this pugnacious spirit was able to op- 
erate only against Germany's immediate neighbors. 

It was only recendy, owing to modern inventions 
and the shrinking of the distances on the surface of 
the globe, that the German was able to contemplate 
realizing his dream of enslaving the world. From that 
moment on, you and your country were brought within 

The fascist peoples of Italy, Germany and Japan 
first destroyed their own liberties; and then began to 
use force to destroy the liberty of their neighboring 
countries. We hoped it was just a series of neighbor- 
hood quarrels, that were none of our business. But 
suddenly we began to see that we were part of the 
world neighborhood: aviation and radio brought the 
nations of the world into close touch. Suddenly we 
saw things happen that were very rotten indeed. 
Japan attacked China in 1931. Fascist Italy attacked 
Ethiopia in 1935, and in 1936, interfered in Spain" 

Civil War. 

Then Germany sent i 
land in 1936, contrary t( 

Germany seized. Austria; i 

Qilitary forces into the Rhine- 
herown obligations. In 1938 

z year she broke 

into Czechoslovakia and occupied the Sudetenland. 
Then began the bloody and crazy march of desti-uc- 
tion: the remainder of Czechoslovakia in 1939, the 
invasion of Poland in the same year, the invasion of 
Denmark and Norway, followed by the conquest of 
France in 1940 and, in 1941, invasion of the Balkans 
and the attack on Russia, German aggression threat- 
ened the entire world. 

No self-respecting man. or nation, could live in a 
neighborhood in which gangsters were having their 
way without trying to stop them. It was not only a 
matter of principle; it was a matter of actual personal 
and national safety. 

The fascists all over the world made their alliance 
against the believers in freedom, and burst out of 
bounds whenever it looked favorable for a successful 
seizure of a peaceful country. 

The free world couldn't go on taking that forever. 
Without resistance, the Germans, for example, would 
never quit moving in on other countries. 

Take a look at Germany's record. 

Five times since 1864— in the lifetime of plenty of 
men still living— Germany has burst out of her borders 
in wars of aggression against other nations: 
Denmark in 1864. 
Austria in 1866, 


France in 1870. 

Belgiuin and France in 1914. 

Czechoslovakia, Austria, Poland, Russia, Nor- 
way, Denmark, Yugoslavia, Greece, Bel- 
gium. Holland, and others between 1938 
and 1941. 

Germany is not as large as Texas, but it has a varied 
landscape and climate. The terrain is rugged, gener- 
ally speaking, with extensive wooded areas. 

Central Germany has low mountains resembling the 
Catskills or the Blue Ridge. These mountains ex- 
tend into southern Germany where the Black Forest 
spreads into Baden and Wiierttcmberg. At the south- 
ern border of Germany, the Alps rise to eight or nine 
thousand feet. The country is crossed by a few major 
rivers : the west is drained by the Rhine ; in the cen- 
tral and northern parts are the Weser and the Elbe; 
in the east flows the Oder; in the south the Danube, 
Low plains with wide pastures and fields of rye, wheat, 
oats and potatoes cover northern Germany, similar to 
our Midwest. 

Many Germans and many foreigners like to think 
of Germany as a land covered with quaint old towns 
set in the midst of an agricultural country. This of 


course is not so. Germany, during the last seventy . 
years, has become one of the leading industrial coun- 
tries in the world, producing iron and coal, machinery, 
textiles, optical instruments, and chemical products. 

Some of these industries are scattered over the 
greater part of Germany, but many are concentrated 
in thickly congested industrial districts; for example, 
the Ruhr area, reaching from the Rhine to Dortmund; 
mines, smokestacks and furnaces dominate this land- 
scape. In Central Gemaany there are many indus- 
trial centers scattered from Hanover southeast to Dres- 
den. In eastern Germany, in Upper Silesia, industrial 
areas are also located. 

Before the war, American tourists flocked into Ger- 
many in the summertime to visit the Rhine, its ancient 
castles, the Black Forest, the Bavarian Alps and medi- 
eval cities like Brandenburg near Berlin. 

Now, Americans do not come as tourists to enjoy 
the scenery; but rather as soldiers to carry out a mili- 
tary mission. 


The climate of Germany resembles that of the east- 
ern seaboard of the United States in the region of 
Baltimore and Washington. 

As at home, the four seasons are sharply defined. 
Except in some of the mountain regions, Germans do 


not experience the extreme of winter cold that we do in 
the northern United States. 

Winter is hable to have penetrating dampness rather 
than severe cold. Snow does not remain upon the 
ground long, except in the mountains. In the Alpine 
regions, the winters are severe with heavy snowfall. 

The mean temperatures in summertime do not range 
as high as do ours at home, but humidity may be high 
and in the northern part of Germany you may run 
into hot, sticky, enervating days. 


This bookiet has hit the highspots of Germany's 
recent behavior, in order to add knowledge to your 
military equipment for the job you are assigned to do. 
It has not been the aim of this booklet to sing a "Hymn 
of Hate" against the enemy, or to make vou practice 
as revenge his fanatical creed of intolerance, with its 
untold cruelties and brutalities. 

One of the tragedies in German's recent history is 
her own betrayal of her past gifts to civilized life. The 
country has produced great writers, philosophers, 
scientists, artists and musicians. Her people possess 
great energies which at times have been used to benefit 
rather than destroy mankind. In the peace to 

is hoped that those energies can be more consistently 
employed to benefit the worid, more than they have 
been in the past. 

The war has been hard for you and millions of 
others. The Allies have a right to apply strict justice 
to those responsible. You, as an individual American 
soldier, have the responsibility of living up to what the 
United Nations are out to win in this War ... a 
world at peace, on decent terms. 

Let your attitude in Germany be: 

and above all, 

Auiare of the things this booklet has tried to tell you, 
so that the honest mistakes of an older generation may 
not be repeated, and so that, to apply Lincoln's words 
to the fallen men of our armed forces in this war, 
"These dead shall not have died in vain." 



The monetary unit of Germany is the Reichimarh. 
The Reichsmark is divided into 100 Pfennigs, just 
as the American dollar is divided into 100 cents. 

However, the pre-war Reichsmark did not equal the 
dollar in value. Its value, arbitrarily set by the Ger- 
man government and maintained by strict currency 
control, was $.40 in American money. It is not worth 
anything like this today, however. 

The following coins are current; 

1 Mark silver 

2 Marks silver 

3 Marks silver 

5 Marks silver 

50 Pfennigs aluminum bronze 

10 Pfennigs aluminum bronze 

3 Pfennigs aluminum bronze 

2 Pfennigs bronze or copper 

1 Pfennig bronze or copper 

Paper money is issued by the Reichsbank in denom- 
inations of 10 Marks, 20 Marks, 50 Marks, 100 Marks 
and 1000 Marks. 

Pieces of 10 Pfennigs arc sometimes known by the 
slang name of ''Ein Groschen" . 

Pieces of 5 Pfennigs also have a slang term — "Ein 

Copper coins of 1 and 2 Pfennigs arc practically 

War, conquest and occupation will probably alter 
the value of the mark in terms of American exchange. 


Ascertain the current ; 
from your officers. 
Do not take less. 
Do not demand more. 

nd proper rate of exchange 


The standard for all legal weights and i 
used in Germany is the international metric system. 
In the following tables you will find the most essential 
units of this standard, or those which are in daily use, 
reduced to their American equivalents. 
Units of Lejigth 

1 kilometer ( 1,000 meters) _ 0.62 mile 

1 meter about 39 inches, or 3.28 

i centimeter (0.01 meter) __ about fa inch 
1 millimeter (0.001 meter) _ about 0.04 inch 

Units of Weight 

1 metric ton (1,000 kilo- 
grams) 2204.62 pounds 

1 kilogram (1,000 grams), 

or Kilo 2.2 pounds 

I gram 15.432 grains 


' 1 hectoliter ( 100 liters) 26,418 U. S, gallons, or* 

2.838 bushels 

1 liter 1.0567 liquid quarts, or 

61.023 cubic inches 

1 deciliter (0.1 liter) 0.10567 liquid quart, or 

6.1 cubic inches 

1 square kilometer 0.3861 square mile 

1 hectare (10,000 square 

meters) 2.471 acres 

1 square meter 10.76 square feet 



All the words and phrases in this Guide are written 
both in German spelling and in a simplified spelling 
which you read like English. (Don't use the German 
spelling, the one given in parentheses, unless you have 
.studied German before.) Read the simplified spelling 
as though it were English. Each letter or combination 
of letters is used for the sound it usually stands for in 
English and it always stands for that sound. Thus, 
oo is always pronounced as it is in too, boot, tooth, 
roost, never as anything else. Say these words and 
then pronounce the vowel sound by itself. That is 
the sound you must use every time you see oo in the 

Pronunciation column. If you should use some other 

sound — for example, the sound of oo in blood — you 

may be misunderstood. 

Syllables that are accented, that is, pronounced 

louder than others, are written in capital letters. 

AY as in may, say, play, but don't draw! 

it the way we do in English. Exam- 
ple: TAY meaning "tea". 

O or OH as in go, so, oh, note, joke, but don't 

drawl it the way we do in English. 
Example : VO meaning "where." 

AI as in aisle or ice. Example: AINSS 

meaning "one". 

EW stands for a sound we do not have in 

English. To make it you round 
your lips as though to say the oo in 
laoo and at the same time say the 
ee in bee. Example: guh-MEW- 
zuh meaning "vegetables." 

ER stands for a sound somewhat like the 

one in her except that you round 
your lips as you make the sound. 
Example: TSVERLF meaning 

KH stands for a sound something like the 

one you make when you clear your 
throat to spit. Example: NAHKH 
meaning "toward." 


Do you under- fer-SHTAY-en zee? (Verstehen 



Pronunciation and German Spelling 

stand? Sie?) 


Good morning 

GOO-ten MAWR-gen ( Guten 

1 understand ish fer-SHTAY-uh (Ich verstehe) 



I don't understand ish fer-SHTAY-uh nisht (Ich ver- 


I Good day 

GOO-ten TAHK (Guten Tag) 

stehe nicht). 


Good evening 

GOO-ten AH-bent {Guten 

Speak slowly SHPRESH-en zee LAHNK-zahm 



(Sprecheh Sie langsam) 

How are you? 

vee GAYT ess ee-nen? (Wiegeht 

Please repeat BIT-tuh vee - der - HO - len zee 


[Bitte wiederholen Sie) 


main HAYR (mein Herr} 


FROY-lain (Fraulein) 



FROW (Frau) 

When you need directions to get somewhere you use 
the phrase "Where is?" and then add the words you 

: When you address a person by name you say: j 


Mr, Schmidt 

HAYR SHMIT (Hcrr Schmidt) 

Where is VO 1ST (Wo ist) 


Mrs. Schmidt 

FROW SHMIT (Frau Schmidt) 

a restaurant ain ress-to-RAHNG (ein Restau- 


Miss Schmidt 

FROY-lain SHMIT (Fraulein 




Where is a VO ist ain ress-to-RAHNG? ( Wo 



restaurant? ist ein Restaurant?) 

Excuse me 

fayr-TSAI-oong (Ven^eihung) 

a hotel ain ho-TEL (ein Hotel) 

Thank you 

DAN-kuh (danke) 

Where is a VO ist ain ho-TEL? (Wo ist ein 

When someon 

e thanks you, you answer whh the 

hotel? Hotel?) 

word for "please 

a railroad station ain BAHN-hohf (ein Bahnhof) 

Where is a railroad VO ist ain BAHN-hohf? Wo ist 


BIT-tuh (Bitte) 

station? ein Bahnhof?) 



VA (Ja) 

a toilet ai-nuh twa-LET-tuh (eine Toi- 



NAJN (Nein) 



; 38 





Where is a toilet? VO ist ai-nuh two-LET-tuh? {Wo 
ist eine Toilette?) 


To the right nahkh RESHTS (nach rechts) 

To the left Nahkh LINKS (nach links) 

Please show me BIT-tuh TSAI-gen zee meer 
(Bitte zeigen Sie mir) 

If you are driving and ask the distance to anothei 
town, it will be given you in kilometers, not miles. 
Kilometer kee-loMAY-ter { Kilometer) 

One kilometer equals ^ of a mile. 
































































Twenty- two 


Zweiun d z wanzig 





























When you want to know the name of something you 
can say "What's this?" or "What's that?" and point to 
the thing you mean. 


What is 
What's this? 

PToniinciation and Germti 
VAHSS 1ST (Was ist) 
DEESS (dies) 



™ Spellins 
(Was ist 

What's that? 

(Was ist 


When you want something, use the phrase "want" 
and then add the name of the thing wanted. Always 
use "Please"— BIT-tuh. 

I want 
I want 

ish MERSH-tuh (Ich mochte) 
tsee-ga-RET-ten { Zigaretten ) 
ish MERSH-tuh Isee-ga-RET-ten 

to eat 

(Ich mochte Zigaretten) 
ESS-sen (essen) 

I want to eat 

ish MERSH-tuh ESS-sen (Ich 
mochte essen) 

drinking water 





TRINK-vahss-ser (Trinkwasser) 
BROHT fBrot) 
BOOT-ter ( Butter) 
Al-er (Eier) 
KAY-zuh (Kase) 


FLAISH (Fleisch) 


SHVAI - nuh - flaish (Schweine- 





a cup of 

HAHM-mel-flaish ( H a m m e ! - 

KAHLP-flaish (KalbSeisch) 
RINT-flaish (Rindfleisch) 
HOON (Huhn) 
FISH (Fisch) 
ZOOP-puh (Suppe) 
guh-MEW-zuh (Gemiise) 
kar-TAWF-feln (Kartoffeln) 
RO-tuh REW-ben (rote Riiben) 
BO-nen (Bohnen) 
KOHL (Kohl) 
za-LAHT (Salat) 
OHPST (Obst) 
MILSH (Milch) 
ZAHLTS (Salz) 
PFEF-fer (Pfeffer) 
TSOOK-ker (Zucker) 
sho-ko-LA-duh (Schokolade) 
TAY (Tee) 
KAHF-fay (Kaffee) 
ai-nuh TAHSS-suh KAHF-fay 

(eine Tasse Kaffee) 
VAIN (Wein) 
BEER (Bier) 
ain GLAHSS BEER (ein Glas 




TA-bahk (Tabak) 





herl-tser (Streich 

To find out hov 

V much things 

cost, you say: 

How much 









How much does 



that cost? vee- 


kostet das?) 


The answer will be given you in marks and pfennigs, 
mark MARK (Mark) 

pfemiig PFEN-nik (Pfennig) 


When you want to know what time it is, you say 
really "How late is it?" 
What time is it? vee SHPAYT ist ess? (Wie spat 

Two o'clock TSVAI OOR (zwei Uhr) 

Ten past two TSAYN nahkh TSVAI (zehn 

nach Zwei) 
Quarter past five FEER-tel nahkh FEWNF (viertel 

nach Fiinf) 

"Half past ! 

o'clock thirty" 

Half past six 

ZEKS oor DRAI-sik (sechs Uhr 
dreissig) or HAHLP ZEE-ben 
(halb Sieben) 
"A quarter of eight" is "three quarters eight." 
Quarter of eight DRAI - feer - tel AHKHT (drei- 
viertel Acht) 
"Five minutes to nine" is "five minutes before nine." 
Five minutes to FEWNF mee - NOO - ten for 
nine NOYN (fiinf Minuten vor 

For the hours after 12 noon it is customary to say 
"thirteen o'clock", DRAI-tsayn OOR, and so on, just 
as we do in the Army, 

FronounciatioTt and German Spelling 
VAHN (Wann) 
Buh-GINT (beginnt) 
Dahas KEE-no (das Kino) 
VAHN buh-GINT dahss KEE- 
no? (Wann beginnt das Kino?) 
GAYT (geht) 
dayrTSOOK (derZug) 
vahn GAYT dayr TSOOK? 
(Wann geht der Zug?) 





the mo 



does the 

e start? 


the tra 


When does the 





GESS-tem (gestem) 

F Good-by 

owf VEE-der-zayn (Auf Wiedet-^^H 

j^^^^^^Br ' 

HOY-tuh (heute) 



i': Tomorrow 

MAWR-gen (Morgen) 

t; I am hungry 

ish HA-buh HOONG-er (Ich^^H 


ZAWN-tahk (Sonntag) 


habe Hunger) ^^^^| 


MOHN-tahk (Montag) 

il I am thirsty 

ish HA-buh DOORST (Ich^^H 


DEENSS-tahk (Dienstag) 


habc Durst) ^^^H 


MIT-vawkh (Mittwoch) 

fl Halt! or Stop! 

HAHLT! (Halt) ^^| 

■. Thursday 

DAWN-nerss-tank (Donnerstag) 

•■■ Come here! 

KAWM-menzeeHAYR! (Kom^^^H 

' Friday 

FRAI-tahk (Freitag) -: 

men Sie her!) ^^M 

• Saturday 

ZAMSS-tahk (Samstag) or ^ 


SHNEL (schnell) - I^H 

ZAWN-ah-bent (Sonnabend) ^ 

Come quickly! 

KAWN-menzecSHNEL! (Komi^^H 
men Sie i^chnell!) ^^H 

OTH.R «S = r«L PH.«.S 1 

; Go quickly! 

GAY-en zee SHNEL! (Gehen -^ 

What is your 

VEE HAI-sen zee? (Wie hdsseii 

i: Help! 

Sie schneJi ! ) 


HIL-fuh! (Hilfe!) 

;- My name is - 

ishHAI-suh— (Ichheisse— ) 

Bring help! 

HO-len zee HIL-fuh! (Holen 

How do you 


vahss ZA-gen zee fewr table owf 



table (or 


DOYTSH? (Was sagen Sie 

I am lost 

ish HA-buh mish fayr-LOW-fen ] 

thing else) 


fur "Table" au£ Deutsch?) 

(Ich habe mich verlaufen) 


I will pay you 

ish VAYR-duh EE-nen GELT ,' 

I am an American 

ish bin ah-may-ree-KA-ner (Ich 

GAY-bcn (Ich werde Ihnen ": 

bin Amerikaner) 

Geld geben) 

Please help me 

BIT-tuh HEL-fen zee mcer 

Where are the 

VO ZINT dee a-may-ree-KA-nee- 


( Bitte helfen Sie mir) 

American Sol- 

shen zawl DA-ten? (Wo sind 

■_ Where is the n 


VO is dee NAYSH-stuh AWRT- 


die amerikanischen SoldatBn?) 

est town? 

shaft? (Wo ist die nachste 

; Where is the town ^ 

VO IST dee SHTAHT? (Wo ist ■; 

Ortschaft?) . 

die Stadt?) 



« .i 





VO 1ST ess? (Wo ist es?) 


vce VAIT ist ess? (Wie weit ist 



VO ist NAWR-den? (Wo ist 

^^^^ north? 


^^^Vhich is the road 

VO ist dayr VAYK nahkh ? 

to ? 

(Wo ist der Wegnach ?) 

Draw me a map 

TSAISH-nen zee meer ai-nuh 

LANT-KAR-tuh (Zeichnen Sie 

For use of Military Personnel only. Not to be 

mir eine Landkarte) 

republished in ivhole or in part, without the 

Take me there 

BRIN-gen zee mish dawrt HIN 
(Bringen Sie mich dort hin) 

cofisent of ike War Department 

■ Take me to a 

BRIN-gen zee mish tsoo Al-nem 


ARTST (Bringen Sie mich zu 
einem Arzt) 

Take me to a 

BRIN-gen zee mish tsoo Al-ncm 


I^tsa-RET (Bringen Sie mich 
zu einem Lazarett) 


guh-FAR! (Gefahr!) 

Watch out! 

O WF-pahss-sen ! ( Aufpassen ! ) 


GAHSS! (Gas!) 

Take cover! 

DEK-koong! (Deckung!) 

Wait a moment! 

VAR-ten zee ai-nen OW-gen- 
blik! (Warten Sie einen Au- 

; . Prepared by 




c-:V-'_ jr /'-:j- ■■ 


ANT SteNS '' S^^H 

^. '^^ 



■ Halt! 


[ Langsam! 

Go slow! 

I Gefahr! 


[ Einbahnstrasse 

One Way Street :' 

E i nbalin verkehr 

One Way Traffic 

[ Keine Durchfahrt 

No ThoroughfarL- 

I Rechts fahren 

. Keep to The Right 

r Strasse im Bau 

Road Under Construclioi; 

[ Kurvc 

Dangerous Curve 

; Kreuzung 

Dangerous Crossing » 


Grade Crossing 

Parken verboten 

No Parking 

Kein Zutrkt 

No Admittance 

Frauen or Danien 


Manner or Herren 


Rauchen verboten 

No Smoking 





k • ■ 

. i